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DHCP delivers a programmed mode to allocate and update IP numbers along with other configuration data on a network. The DHCP server delivers this statistics to a DHCP client through the interchange of a chain of information, called as the DHCP conversation or the DHCP transaction. Let’s assume that if the DHCP server and DHCP clients are positioned on unrelated subnets, a DHCP relay agent is used to simplify the transaction.